Lyocell as a perfect fabric?
Posted by Fashion 2358 Comments
I am sure you have already heard of lyocell. Ok, but what is it actually? It is known to be as delicate as silk, as strong as polyester, as cooling as linen, as warm as wool and more absorbent than cotton. What is it made from? Is it vegan? Is it environmentally friendly? Is it safe? Come on, I will tell you a story!
Lyocell, also known as tencel is a fabric made out of trees’ cellulose, usually it is eucalyptus tree. Why eucalyptus? It is very simple – eucalyptus grows fast and it doesn’t need any extra watering or pesticides. To make a fabric out of a tree it has to be transformed somehow. While for most of fabrics, viscose for example, a very toxic chemicals are being used, lyocell production only requires a NMMO (N-Methylmorpholine N-oxide) solvent, which is safe and can be reused in 99,5%! It is very important not only for the environment but also for the people who are producing this fabric.
Lyocell’ fibers are built out of nanofibrils, which are particles as small as 10-9 m! More fibers in a fabric means stronger fabric. It’s more less like a ladder. Imagine yourself one with just a few grades and another with much more of them. Which one is going to be more likely to break? That’s the point… Because of these tiny fibers, tencel acquire new features and functionality. These fibers are hydrophilic, which means nothing more than the fact that they absorb moisture while having excellent cooling properties. Even with air humidity of 65%, compared to other fibers, it still has the ability to transport moisture away from the skin. It makes lyocell a perfect fabric for hot, summer days! What is more, this ability to take the moisture away from our skin prevents bacterial growth, because they need humidity and warmth to grow. Therefore it is very hygienic, ideal for allergy sufferers and all of those who have some skin problems (yup, I exactly know how unpleasant it might be while it’s hot).
The best thing about all this is that tencel is biodegradable. Yes, you understood well. All you need is 6 weeks of composting to make the fabric completely decompose.
Until recently, this material was mainly manufactured in the United States, which made it expensive and difficult to get. Fortunately, at the moment production is also taking place in Austria and the UK, so it looks like everything is going in the right direction.
Are you wondering if lyocell has any defects at all? Well, it does! The big problem is that it is very hard to dye with natural substances, that's why strong and toxic chemicals are often used to dye them. While you already know about it, just choose products with natural or delicate colors.
MAAM produces beautiful classic tunics from lyocell that you can find here and here (the second one we have in three beautiful colors).
Do you have any experience with fabric? Do you already have something made from lyocell in your wardrobe? Share in the comments!
Main picture: https://www.google.com/search?q=tencel&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwit8fHulpbjAhXBxIsKHehMDJ4Q_AUIESgC&biw=1366&bih=632#imgdii=DdlC2AyCpyzlrM:&imgrc=s2jSCwoW84GZ9M: